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I hope you enjoy flipping through the latest files on philosophy from the collection below. 'Philosophy', as I use the word, refers to the rigorous examination of the most fundamental aspects of our worldviews, some of which we rarely question. The results of questioning them are often surprising; I hope that they are also interesting.

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Euthanasia: its varieties and its justification

A look at the different types of euthanasia, and the arguments for and against them

Is Fitch's Paradox fatal for verificationism, or epistemic theories of meaning generally?

Verificationism is falsified by Fitch's Paradox, but other epistemic theories of truth and meaning, including a simple modification of verificationism, can escape it

How convincing is the ‘fine-tuning’ argument for God’s existence?

The alleged fine-tuning of the universe to support life is often cited as evidence of God's existence. Is it convincing?

Is the difference between making something happen and allowing it to happen morally relevant?

Killing someone is almost universally regarded as worse than letting them die. But is that defensible? In particular, is it defensible on the grounds that making their death happen would be worse than merely standing by and allowing it to happen?

How serious an evidential problem is evil for theism?

The volume of suffering in the world is, notoriously, a problem for those who believe in God. How serious is it, and how are we to evaluate this question?

Berkeley’s central arguments for immaterialism

How did Berkeley argue for his striking philosophical position?

Did Berkeley misunderstand Locke’s view of secondary qualities in a way which mattered to his project?

Berkeley's work was in part a reaction to John Locke's Essay concerning Human Understanding. Recent critics have charged that Berkeley misunderstood Locke's positions. Are they correct?

Is Berkeley best understood as a phenomenalist?

Berkeley denied that objects like trees were material substances. Was he an early advocate of the phenomenalist account of what their existence involved?